The New Heaven and New Earth

Resources for understanding the Bible’s teaching

The resources listed below provide a starting point for exploring what the Bible teaches about the renewal of the material world.


“The New Heaven and New Earth as Depicted in Revelation 21-22.” The Bible Project. December 24, 2017.

Emerson, Matthew Y. “The New Heaven and New Earth.” The Gospel Coalition. Accessed May 10, 2024.

Johnson, Dennis. “The New Heavens and New Earth.” Ligonier. December 25, 2014.

Smith, Ian K. “10 Things You Should Know about the New Heavens and the New Earth.” Crossway. August 20, 2019.

Books and Journal Articles

Alcorn, Randy. Heaven: A Comprehensive Guide to Everything the Bible Says About Our Eternal Home. Wheaton: Tyndale House, 2004.

Alexander, T. Desmond. From Eden to the New Jerusalem: An Introduction to Biblical Theology. Grand Rapids: Kregel Academic, 2009.

Emerson, Matthew Y. “Does God Own a Death Star? The Destruction of the Cosmos in 2 Peter 3:1-13.” Southwestern Journal of Theology 57, no. 2 (2015): 281–93.

Fitzpatrick, Elyse M. Home: How Heaven and the New Earth Satisfy Our Deepest Longings. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 2016.

Middleton, J. Richard. “A New Heaven and a New Earth: The Case for a Holistic Reading of the Biblical Story of Redemption.” Journal for Christian Theological Research 11 (2006): 73–97.

Middleton, J. Richard. A New Heaven and a New Earth: Reclaiming Biblical Eschatology. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014.

Moo, Douglas J., and Jonathan A. Moo. Creation Care: A Biblical Theology of the Natural World. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2018.

Wright, N.T. Surprised by Hope: Rethinking Heaven, the Resurrection, and the Mission of the Church. New York: HarperOne, 2008.


Wentzel, Ryan. “Groaning for Glory.” September 10, 2023. Audio, 43:12.

Wentzel, Ryan. “The Cosmic Scope of Salvation.” The Ryan Wentzel Sermon Podcast. March 26, 2024. Audio, 20:40.